A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assembling of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. It is often used in decorative art or as interior decoration. Most mosaics are made of small, flat, roughly square, pieces of stone or glass of different colors, known as tesserae. Some, especially floor mosaics, are made of small rounded pieces of stone, and called “pebble mosaics”.
The earliest known examples of mosaics made of different materials were found at a temple building in Abra, Mesopotamia, and are dated to the second half of 3rd millennium BC. They consist of pieces of colored stones, shells and ivory. Excavations at Susa and Chogha Zanbil show evidence of the first glazed tiles, dating from around 1500 BC. However, mosaic patterns were not used until the times of Sassanid Empire and Roman influence.
Modern mosaics are made by professional artists, street artists, hobbyist and kids. Many materials other than traditional stone and ceramic tesserae may be employed, including shells, glass and beads. People of all ages can enjoy the art of mosaic. It is a relaxing and rewarding hobby. The sky is the limit with mosaic. Anything can be mosaic ed or can be used as mosaic material. From simple cheeseboards, birdbaths, house numbers and pieces of art.